How to Drive Safely in Winter Weather

Winter is an exciting time of year that brings out the kid in all of us. However, it can also present some difficulties when it comes to driving — but don’t fret! With the proper guidelines, you can learn how to drive in winter weather safely. Here are some safety precautions you can use to arrive at your destination smoothly and, most importantly, safely.

Before you set out

  • Take a look at the route on a road monitoring app such as Google Maps or Waze, and monitor local weather reports to predict any possible disruptions. Stick to major roads since the state removal crews may likely prep and clear the highways before it even starts snowing.
  • Remove snow and ice from the entire vehicle, including the roof, mirrors and windows before you set out.
  • Refill the windshield wiper tank with washer fluid that is concentrated for frigid winter temperatures to prevent the liquid from freezing on the glass. These products should be clearly labeled as such. It will also help if you clean and defrost the inside of the windshield.
  • Inspect your wiper blades and ensure that they are clean and in perfect condition.
  • Carry an emergency kit (it should contain clothing, road flares, water and food), a warning triangle and a high-visibility vest in case of a possible breakdown on the road.
  • Once you’re ready to drive, make sure you wear comfortable shoes with clean and dry soles to prevent your feet from slipping on the pedals.

While on the road

  • There is a golden rule to follow when learning how to drive in winter weather. All controls on your car — including changing gears, brakes, throttle and steering — should be operated gently and carefully.
  • Maintain a safe following distance between your car and the vehicle in front of you to allow enough time to stop and steer. You also need to leave enough room in front of the car when climbing hills so you can maintain a uniform speed and prevent alternating gears or acceleration.
  • Use your daytime running lights, especially when it’s hard to see, so other drivers can see you in the snow.
  • When advancing toward a curve, start to brake slowly before you turn the steering wheel. Don’t be alarmed if your car tires lose grip. Simply release the pressure from the accelerator and ensure your wheels point in the path you want to drive in.
  • It is best to drive on fresh snow if you’re driving behind other cars on an ungritted road. Don’t drive on the wheel tracks of other vehicles as the compressed snow will be icier than the fresh snow.

No matter how careful you drive, you can’t control other drivers, so stay alert and be defensive!

Common winter driving problems 

Fishtailing

Fishtailing is a type of skidding that occurs when the back wheels of a vehicle lose traction and slide instead of gripping the road. This can result in oversteering and spinning out if not handled properly.

If you begin fishtailing, follow these corrective actions:

  • Drive slowly into the direction of the skid, starting the correction immediately upon sliding.
  • Remove your foot from the brake pedal to reduce speed.

Black Ice

Black ice is a thin ice layer, often unseen, that glazes a surface. Although it’s not actually black, it’s slick and almost transparent, allowing the black tops of highways to show through.

Use these tips to navigate safely when driving on black ice:

  • Drive slowly and change into a low gear to gain more control as you drive.
  • Drive through areas that give more traction. Such areas include snow-covered spots, sandy areas and textured ice.
  • Maintain a safe distance between your car and other vehicles.
  • Don’t pump your brakes and avoid stopping if you can.
  • Never drive in dangerous icy conditions with cruise control active.

Salt on the road

Salt can help remove snow and ice from highways, however, its corrosive nature can destroy the undercarriage of your car. If extreme rust corrosion occurs, the components attached to the undercarriage can fail and eventually cause a crash. To prevent this damage, clean the body of your car regularly to prevent salt from building up.

Following these tips on driving in winter weather can help keep you, passengers, and other drivers safe. Better still, if the weather is bad, stay home and avoid driving in such conditions.